History shows that older technologies can stifle newer and better ones - copper/xDSL have slowed down fibre rollout; 3G inhibited 4G development; and it looks as though the same will be true for 5G and full-fibre to the premises. 

Yet there’s a wall of money and interested new investor classes looking at the new asset classes. It's time for governments to clear the runway and bust the barriers. Make resources available - frequencies, access, public funding - so that the new generation isn’t crippled by the old. Past business models, subscriber and customer bases, funding structures and regulatory models all need to flex or be set aside. 

This is essential to ensure 5G networks are diverse and flexible, widespread and efficient. Otherwise it’ll just be an extension of 4G networks and services/providers, and much of the upside will be stifled or at best delayed.